Faculty of Cultural Studies

Universitas Brawijaya

MODEL-MODEL KAJIAN EKOKRITIK SASTRA

14-Aug-2014 admin Jurnal Penelitian

Sony Sukmawan

ABBSTRAK

Sastra lebih  banyak dikaji secara  antroposentris sebagai artefak budaya yang berpusat dan terpusat  pada manusia. Hal ini menyebabkan  nilai-nilai dan pesan moral sebagai substansi  dasar  dalam sastra    cenderung  dianggap  dan disikapi sebagai acuan standar ideal perilaku manusia dalam kehidupannya sebagai makhluk individual dan sosial, bukan sebagai makhluk biologis, lebih-lebih sebagai makhluk ekologis. Model kajian ekokritik sastra yang digagas meliputi model kajian sastra lingkungan dan model kajain etis. Model kajian sastra lingkungan dipilah menjadi  model kajian narasi sastra Pastoral dan narasi sastra Apokaliptik. Melalui ekokritik sastra model kajian sastra lingkungan dan model kajian etis, dimensi budaya dan dimensi ekologis yang selama  ini berada di luar
sastra dapat  dikembalikan lagi dalam „habitatnya‟. Dengan demikian,  diharap- kan sastra dapat menyampaikan fungsi kultural dan fungsi ekologisnya.
Kata Kunci: ekokritik sastra, model sastra lingkungan, model etis
ABSTRACT
Studied literature more anthropocentric as cultural artifacts centered and human-centered . This leads to the values  and moral messages as the basic substance in the literature tend to be regarded and treated as an ideal reference standard of human behavior in life as individuals and social beings , not as a biological creature , the more so as ecological beings . Model studies were initiated ekokritik literature includes models of literary studies and models kajain ethical environment . Model study of environmental literature divided into assessment models Pastoral narrative and narrative literature Apocalyptic literature . Through the study of literature ekokritik literary models and environment models ethical studies , and cultural dimensions of ecological dimension that had been outside the literature can be restored again in the ‘ habitat ‘ . Thus , expected for the function of literature can convey cultural and ecological functions .
Keywords: ekokricriticism, literary model of the environment , ethical models
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