Faculty of Cultural Studies

Universitas Brawijaya

MENCIPTA-KREATIF NASKAH DRAMA DENGAN STRATEGI MENULIS TERBIMBING

14-Aug-2014 admin Jurnal Penelitian

(CREATIVE WRITING OF PLAYSCRIPT WITH GUIDED WRITING STRATEGY)

Sony Sukmawan

ABSTRAK
Dalam penelitian ini, upaya peningkatan pembelajaran apresiasi sastra difokuskan pada apresiasi drama yang dikhususkan pada kegiatan menulis kreatif naskah drama.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  mendeskripsikan bentuk pembelajaran menulis naskah drama dengan strategi menulis terbimbing (SMT) yang efektif untuk memahamkan siswa tentang struktur naskah dan membentuk kemampuan siswa menulis naskah drama.  Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (action research) dengan rancangan penelitian kualitatif  yang dilaksanakan melalui tiga tahap, yaitu tahap (i)  perencanaan pembelajaran, (ii) pelaksanaan pembelajaran, (iii) evaluasi hasil pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa bimbingan dalam bentuk pemberian model naskah drama dan kartu struktur naskah yang tepat serta pemberian variasi strategi belajar dan  praktik berbagi hasil, telah mampu mengarahkan siswa menulis naskah drama dengan beragam tema; dengan keringkasan, ketepatan, dan kelengkapan pemaparan perwatakan pelaku; dengan latar yang ringkas, nyata, khusus, dan lengkap; serta  dengan penggarapan konflik yang hidup.
Kata kunci: menulis kreatif, naskah drama, menulis terbimbing

ABSTRACT

In this study,  the  efforts to increase the  teaching and learning literary appreciation  was focused on plays appreciation which was  devoted to the activities of creative writing plays. This study was aimed at describing the form of learning  to write a play  with a  guided writing strategy  (SMT) which was found to be effective to promote the students’ understanding about the structure of  the text and  to shape the students’ ability  to write a play. This research was class action (action research) and qualitative  research design was  implemented through  three stages, namely  the stage (i) learning plan, (ii) the implementation of learning,  (iii) the evaluation of  learning.  These results indicate that the guidance in the form of models and  correct script structure  cards  and the provision of variety of learning strategies and practices to share the results, have been able to direct the students to write a play with a variety of themes concisely, accurately   and with completeness of exposure of characterization in  a concise,  tangible, specific, and complete  background,  as well as  with the ability to grow alive conflicts.
Keywords: creative writing, playscript, guided writing
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