Intercultural Language Competence Penguasaan Budaya, Mutlak untuk Pembelajar Bahasa (nonverbal communication dalam Mata Kuliah Kaiwa)
15-Aug-2014 admin Jurnal Penelitian
In foreign language learning, mastering culture accompanying the language learned is essential and not negotiable. Misunderstandings can occur due to not knowing one another, or do not understand the culture of the opponents in communication, could lead to feelings of guilt, feeling humiliated, ignored, scared and even angry because of the unexpected attitude from people.
The same thing can happen between Indonesian and Japanese, which is not good to continue communication between them, and even could lead to something fatal if such communications are related to business cooperation as well as other important partnerships.
The increasing number of Japanese language learners taking the second place in the world after China (The Japan Foundation Survey, 2012), the author felt the need for tracking the extent to which the learners know and understand the cultural differences between Japanese and Indonesian culture, especially in nonverbal communication, in additions it is also necessary to think about what is the right strategy for the right system of teaching to support the mastery of language intercultural competence by Japanese learners. Therefore, the author chose the theme ”Intercultural Competence Language, Culture An Absolute for Language Learners (nonverbal communication in Kaiwa Subject)” in this study.
This study is a combination of quantitative and qualitative research, using questionnaires, with 120 respondents of sixth semester students of Department of Japanese Literature University of Brawijaya. The questions were based on the result of previous research on cultural differences in nonverbal communication between Japanese and Indonesian culture. It is also accompanied by observation and study reference system to generate appropriate learning strategies.
From the results of questionnaires distributed comprising 11 questions about knowledge of the Japanese culture in terms of communication habits. From those questions there were 6 questions (54%) in which the number of students who know about it more (over 60%) than those who do not know. On the other hands there were 5 questions (46%) in which the number of students who do not know much was more (over 50%) than those who know it. For students who do not know about the culture of communication, they want to get knowledge through lectures, as well as through autonomous learning using the medium of the internet, comics, movies and others.
The study also reveals that there are various strategies can be implemented to enable the students understand the cultural differences issues. There are some cultural knowledge communications, which can be given by providing information, while some others need to be practiced in the classroom and also need to be applied in constant communication. In learning about cultural differences in understanding this, we can focus on the empowerment of student centered learning, by asking students to explore these differences, select which should be practiced and applied, as well as decide which must always be accompanied by a teacher, so that no misunderstanding occurs.
Keywords: cultural understanding, intercultural competence language, nonverbal communication, student centered learning.
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