Faculty of Cultural Studies

Universitas Brawijaya

DESIGNING CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS-BASED INSTRUCTION FOR EFL READING

16-Sep-2015 admin Jurnal Penelitian

by

Esti Junining*

esti@ub.ac.id

English Language Lecturer at Faculty of Culture Studies of Universitas Brawijaya

Many studies uncover the fact that the Indonesian students EFL reading literacy are still below the international standard of reading literacy. This phenomenon encourages EFL teachers to innovate some strategies to increase EFL reading proficiency. One of the ways to increase the Indonesian EFL reading proficiency is by integrating EFL reading skills with critical thinking skills. To meet this need, this paper aims at integrating EFL reading with critical thinking skills by implementing three routine practices namely internalizing, applying and evaluating. Internalizing concept is a situation where an initial learning occurs. In this stage it is recommended to learn any new concept well. After that, applying the concept to a problem or issue is recommended after internalizing stage, so that the EFL learners can come to see the value of understanding the concept. At the same time, the EFL learners need to evaluate how well they are internalizing and applying the concepts they are learning. This paper also connects both the theoretical and practical implementation of these three routine practices to acquire more appropriate pedagogical implementation of critical thinking skills in reading in EFL classroom.

Keywords: critical thinking-based instruction, EFL reading

References

Aebersold, J.A., and Field, M.L. 1997. From Reader to Reading Teacher. Cambridge University Press.

Cahyono, B.Y, and Widiati, U. 2006. The Teaching of Reading in the Indonesian Context: The State of the Art. TEFLIN Journal, (Online) 17 (1): 36 – 58, (http://www.teflinjournal.org) retrieved 31 July 2011

Cottrell, S. 2005. Critical Thinking Skills. Palgrave Macmillan.

Gerrig and Zimbardo. 2002. Psychology of Life. Cengage Learning.

Grabe, W. 2009. Reading in a Second Language. Cambridge Applied Linguistics Series. Cambridge University Press.

Iftanti, E. 2012. A Survey of the English Reading Habits of EFL Students in Indonesia. TEFLIN Journal, Volume 23, Number 2: 149 – 164 , July 2012

Koda, K. 2004. Insights into Second Language Reading. Cambridge University Press.

Lie, A. 2007. Education Policy and EFL Curriculum in Indonesia: Between the Commitment to Competence and the Quest for Higher Test Scores. TEFLIN Journal, Volume 18, Number 1: 1-14, February 2007

ORC Resources. 2014. Ohio’s Academic Content Standards in English Language Arts.

Ohiorc.org. Retrieved January 9, 2014.

Sulistyo, G.H. & Suharmanto. 2007. Archetypal Efl Readers: Preliminary Empirical Evidence Substantiated From Selected Discriminating Variables.   TEFLIN Journal, Volume 18, Number 1: 68 – 93, February 200.

Vygotsky. 2014. Cognition and Development. http://psychology4a.com/develop7.htm. Retrieved on January 9th 2014.